General Election Amendments Breakdown


Click here to view the Baldwin County Sample Ballot. 
 
Statewide Amendment plain language summaries by the Fair Ballot Commission.
Local plain language summaries by vote411.org

STATEWIDE AMENDMENT 1
 

How it will appear on the ballot:
Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to amend Article VIII of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 177 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, to provide that only a citizen of the United States has the right to vote. (Proposed by Act 2019-330)

(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain language summary:
This amendment does not change those requirements.

If a majority of voters vote "yes” for Amendment 1, the state constitution will grant the right to vote to "only” those U.S. citizens who meet the requirements.

If a majority of voters vote "no” for Amendment 1, the state constitution will continue to grant the right to vote to "every” U.S. citizen who meets the requirements.

There is no cost for Amendment 1. The Constitutional authority for passage of Amendment 1 is set forth in accordance with Sections 284, 285, and 287 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. These sections outline the method a constitutional amendment may be put to the people of the State for a vote.

 

 


 

STATEWIDE AMENDMENT 2


How it will appear on the ballot:
Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to increase the membership of the Judicial Inquiry Commission and further provide for the appointment of the additional members; further provide for the member-ship of the Court of the Judiciary and further provide for the appointment of the additional members; further provide for the process of disqualifying an active judge; repeal provisions providing for the impeachment of Supreme Court Justices and appellate judges and the removal for cause of the judges of the district and circuit courts, judges of the probate courts, and judges of certain other courts by the Supreme Court; delete the authority of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to appoint an Administrative Director Courts; provide the Supreme Court of Alabama with authority to appoint an Administrative Director of Courts; require the Legislature to establish procedures for the appointment of the Administrative Director of Courts; delete the requirement that a district court hold court in each incorporated municipality with a population of 1,000 or more where there is no municipal court; provide that the procedure for the filling of vacancies in the office of  a judge may be changed by local constitutional amendment; delete certain language relating to the position of constable holding more than one state office; delete a provision providing for the temporary maintenance of the prior judicial system; repeal the office of circuit solicitor; and make certain nonsubstantive stylistic changes. (Proposed by Act 2019-187)
(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain language summary:
This amendment proposes six changes to the state’s judicial system. In summary, this amendment:
1. Provides that county district courts do not have to hold city court in a city with a population of less than 1,000;
2. Allows the Alabama Supreme Court, rather than the Chief Justice, to appoint the Administrative Director of Courts;
3. Increases from 9 to 11 the total membership of the Judicial Inquiry Commission and determines who appoints each member (the Judicial Inquiry Commission evaluates ethics complaints filed against judges);
4. Allows the Governor, rather than the Lieutenant Governor, to appoint a member of the Court of the Judiciary (the Court of the Judiciary hears complaints filed by the Judicial Inquiry Commission);
5. Prevents a judge from being automatically disqualified from holding office simply because a complaint was filed with the Judiciary Inquiry Commission; and
6. Provides that a judge can be removed from office only by the Court of the Judiciary.

If a majority of voters vote "yes” on Amendment 2, these provisions become law.

If a majority of voters vote "no” on Amendment 2, there will be no change to current law.

There is no cost for Amendment 2. The Constitutional authority for passage of Amendment 2 is set forth in accordance with Sections 284, 285, and 287 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. These sections outline the method a constitutional amendment may be put to the people of the State for a vote.

 

 

STATEWIDE AMENDMENT 3
 

How it will appear on the ballot:

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to provide that a judge, other than a judge of probate, appointed to fill a vacancy would serve an initial term until the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January following the next general election after the judge has completed two years in office. (Proposed by Act 2019-346)
(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain language summary:
This amendment changes the initial term of a judge that is appointed to fill a vacancy due to death, resignation, retirement, or removal. The current law and this proposed amendment do not apply to probate judges. Under current law, the initial term of office for a person appointed to fill a vacancy in a judgeship shall last until the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January following the next general election held after the person has completed one year in office or the remainder of the original term of the judge elected to the office which is vacant, whichever is longer. The term of the appointment could vary widely due to the years left in the original term. At the election, the judicial office shall be filled for a full term. Under this amendment, a judge appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve an initial term lasting until the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January following the next general election held after the person has completed two years in office. At the election, the judicial office shall be filled for a full term.

If the majority of the voters vote "yes” on Amendment 3, the initial appointment to fill a judicial vacancy will last until the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January after two years of service before a general election to fill the judicial office.

If the majority of the voters vote "no” on Amendment 3, then the length of appointment to fill a judicial vacancy will not change.

There is no costs to Amendment 3. The Constitutional authority for passage of Amendment 3 is set forth in accordance with Sections 284, 285, and 287 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. These sections outline the method a constitutional amendment may be put to the people of the State for a vote.

 

 

STATEWIDE AMENDMENT 4
 

How it will appear on the ballot:

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to authorize the Legislature to recompile the Alabama Constitution and submit it during the 2022 Regular Session, and provide a process for its ratification by the voters of this state. (Proposed by Act 2019-271)
(  )YES
(  ) NO


Plain language summary:
Alabama’s constitution can be changed only during a constitutional convention or when a majority of voters approve a constitutional amendment.

If a majority of voters vote "yes” on Amendment 4, the Alabama Legislature, when it meets in 2022, would be allowed to draft a rearranged version of the state constitution. This draft could only
(1) remove racist language,
(2) remove language that is repeated or no longer applies,
(3) combine language related to economic development, and
(4) combine language that relates to the same county.

No other changes could be made. Even if passed by the Alabama Legislature, this rearranged version would not become law until it was approved by a majority of voters.

If a majority of voters vote "no” on Amendment 4, the Alabama Legislature could not draft a rearranged version of the state constitution.

There is no cost for Amendment 4. The Constitutional authority for passage of Amendment 4 is set forth in accordance with Sections 284, 285, and 287 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. These sections outline the method a constitutional amendment may be put to the people of the State for a vote.

 

 

STATEWIDE AMENDMENT 5


How it appears on the ballot:
Relating to Franklin County, proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to provide that a person is not liable for using deadly physical force in self-defense or in the defense of another person on the premises of a church under certain conditions. (Proposed by Act 2019-194)
(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain Language Summary:
Alabama’s "Stand Your Ground” law allows a person to legally use physical force against another person under certain conditions. The law does not require the person to retreat before using physical force.

If a majority of voters in Alabama vote "yes” on Amendment 5, and if, in addition, a majority of voters in Franklin County vote "yes” on Amendment 5, the state constitution would contain a special "Stand Your Ground” law that applies to churches in Franklin County only.

If a majority of voters in Alabama vote "no” on Amendment 5, or, if a majority of voters in Franklin County vote "no” on Amendment 5, the state constitution would not contain a special "Stand Your Ground” law that applies to churches in Franklin County.

There is no cost for Amendment 5. The Constitutional authority for passage of Amendment 5 is set forth in accordance with Sections 284, 285, and 287 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. These sections outline the method a constitutional amendment may be put to the people of the State for a vote.

 

 

STATEWIDE AMENDMENT 6


How it will appear on the ballot:
Relating to Lauderdale County, proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to provide that a person is not liable for using deadly physical force in self-defense or in the defense of another person on the premises of a church under certain conditions. (Proposed by Act 2019-193)
(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain language summary:
Alabama’s "Stand Your Ground” law allows a person to legally use physical force against another person under certain conditions. The law does not require the person to retreat before using physical force.

If a majority of voters in Alabama vote "yes” on Amendment 6, and if, in addition, a majority of voters in Lauderdale County vote "yes” on Amendment 6, the state constitution would contain a special "Stand Your Ground” law that applies to churches in Lauderdale County only.

If a majority of voters in Alabama vote "no” on Amendment 6, or, if a majority of voters in Lauderdale County vote "no” on Amendment 6, the state constitution would not contain a special "Stand Your Ground” law that applies to churches in Lauderdale County.

There is no cost for Amendment 6. The Constitutional authority for passage of Amendment 6 is set forth in accordance with Sections 284, 285, and 287 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901. These sections outline the method a constitutional amendment may be put to the people of the State for a vote.

 

 

BALDWIN COUNTY
LOCAL AMENDMENT 1

 

How it will appear on the ballot:

Relating to Baldwin County, proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to allow the Judge of Probate of Baldwin County to exercise equity jurisdiction concurrent with that of the circuit court in cases originally filed in the Probate Court of Baldwin County if the Judge of Probate is a member of the Alabama State Bar. (Proposed by Act 2019-229)
(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain language summary:
The Judge of Probate of Baldwin County is not required to be an attorney or educated in the law and does not have the power to exercise equity jurisdiction.  This means that the judge is bound by certain probate powers and cannot do anything further than what is specifically stated and allowed in the constitution and relevant statutes.  If a party is requesting anything further, the case must be removed to the circuit court.  If the Judge of Probate of Baldwin County is an attorney, this amendment changes and adds the power of equity jurisdiction.  This means that the judge can use discretion and common sense to make things right and to provide an equitable and fair solution even if the law does not specifically provide for that solution. 
 

 

 

BALDWIN COUNTY
LOCAL AMENDMENT 2


How it will appear on the ballot:
Relating to Baldwin County, proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, to authorize the Legislature by local law to provide for the incorporation of a toll road and bridge authority as a public corporation in the county for the purposes of acquiring, designing, constructing, equipping, regulating, improving, operating, and maintaining a new toll road and bridge project in the county in order to extend the present northern terminus of the Baldwin Beach Express to U.S. Interstate Highway 65. (Proposed by Act 2019-300)
(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain Language Summary:
This proposed toll would only apply to this new roadway and would not be enacted on any other roads now or in the future. The money collected from this proposed toll cannot be used for any other purposes — the toll fee and the toll fee alone will be funding this project. No county funding or government dollars will be allocated toward this roadway, freeing up these valuable funds for other projects that can positively impact our region, including future cleanup and reconstruction efforts.

 

 

BALDWIN COUNTY
LOCAL AMENDMENT 3


How it will appear on the ballot:
Relating to Baldwin County, proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to define the Rosinton Landmark District within the county and to prohibit the annexation by local law of any property within the district into any municipality except under certain conditions. (Proposed by Act 2019-287)
(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain language Summary:
This amendment defines the community known as "Rosinton” as the Rosinton Landmark District. In addition, the amendment bans any municipality from taking control of or annexing property in the Rosinton Landmark District except under certain circumstances.  The term "Landmark District” does not affect fire service, EMS service planning, subdivision regulations, or police jurisdiction.
 

 

 

BALDWIN COUNTY
LOCAL AMENDMENT 4


How it will appear on the ballot:
Relating to Baldwin County, proposing an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to define the Barnwell Landmark District within the county and to prohibit the annexation by local law of any property within the district into any municipality except under certain conditions. (Proposed by Act 2020-98)
(  ) YES
(  ) NO


Plain language summary:
This amendment defines the community known as "Barnwell” as the Barnwell Landmark District. In addition, the amendment bans any municipality from taking control of or annexing property in the Barnwell Landmark District except under certain circumstances.  The term "Landmark District” does not affect fire service, EMS service planning, subdivision regulations, or police jurisdiction.

 









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